Pressure ulcers are a common and costly
problem in acute care, nursing facilities, and home care settings.
Incidence and prevalence rates in acute care facilities have ranged
from 2.7 to 29.5 percent and 3.5 to 29.5 percent, respectively1.
A pressure ulcer is a lesion caused by unrelieved pressure, generally
occurring over bony prominences. Pressure ulcers are graded according
to the degree of tissue damage1. Click here to view pressure ulcer staging .
Cost of treatment increases with the severity of the wound. The wound
care product industry offers hundreds of wound care products.
General principles guide use of specific categories of products.
Pressure ulcers are being used as an indicator of the quality of care in all
health care settings.
A complete assessment of the patient with a pressure ulcer is the basis for
developing a plan of care.
The idea that all pressure ulcers are the result of poor care is incorrect.
Even optimum care may not prevent development of pressure ulcers or achieve
healing in the high-risk patient2. The following chart has basic first steps, "DOs" and "DON'Ts." Click on them for more details.